Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia.The Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries.Nepal, Bhutan and China are located near Bangladesh but do not share a border with it.The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area.Most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal delta, the largest delta on Earth.The country has 700 rivers and 8,046 km (5,000 miles) of inland waterways.As part of British India, the region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements.The Partition of British India made East Bengal a part of the Dominion of Pakistan; and renamed it as East Pakistan.
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The etymology of Bangladesh (Country of Bengal) can be traced to the early 20th century, when Bengali patriotic songs, such as Namo Namo Namo Bangladesh Momo by Kazi Nazrul Islam and Aaji Bangladesher Hridoy by Rabindranath Tagore, used the term.
The term Bangladesh was often written as two words, Bangla Desh, in the past.
The region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in 1952 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.
After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established.