During the reign of the Abbasid Caliph Harun al-Rashid in the 8th century, Baghdad had become an important cosmopolitan city.
Merchants from Persia, China, India, Africa, and Europe were all found in Baghdad.
"Jins" in Arabic comes from the ancient Greek word "genus," meaning type. ajnas) is either a trichord, a tetrachord, or a pentachord.
The trichord is three notes, the tetrachord four, and the pentachord five.
It does not include works written using the Arabic alphabet but not in the Arabic language such as Persian and Urdu literature.
The Arabic word used for literature is adab which is derived from a word meaning "to invite someone for a meal" and implies politeness, culture and enrichment.
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Arab culture is the culture of the Arabs, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea.
Arabic music is the music of Arab people, especially those centered around the Arabian Peninsula.The 22 Arab countries are: Algeria, Bahrain, the Comoros Islands, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.Arabic literature is the writing produced, both prose and poetry, by speakers of the Arabic language."The common style that developed is usually called 'Islamic' or 'Arab', though in fact it transcends religious, ethnic, geographical, and linguistic boundaries" and it is suggested that it be called the Near East (from Morocco to India) style (van der Merwe, Peter 1989, p. Habib Hassan Touma (1996, p.xix-xx) lists "five components" which "characterize the music of the Arabs: Much Arab music is characterized by an emphasis on melody and rhythm rather than harmony. Some genres of Arab music are polyphonic—as the instrument Kanoun is based upon the idea of playing two-note chords—but quintessentially, Arabic music is melodic.It would be incorrect though to call it modal, for the Arabic system is more complex than that of the Greek modes. maqamat), which looks like the mode, but is not quite the same.Each poem in the set has a different author, and is considered to be their best work.Mu'allaqat means "The Suspended Odes" or "The Hanging Poems," and comes from the poems being hung on the wall in the Kaaba at Mecca.The seven authors, who span a period of around 100 years, are Imru' al-Qais, Tarafa, Zuhayr, Labīd, 'Antara Ibn Shaddad, 'Amr ibn Kulthum, and Harith ibn Hilliza.All of the Mu’allaqats contain stories from the authors’ lives and tribe politics.Arabic literature emerged in the 6th century, with only fragments of the written language appearing before then.The Qur'an, from the 7th century, had the greatest and longest-lasting effect on Arabic culture and literature.